History and Stats

More on Kabacan History

Kabacan got its name from the word “Ka-abacan” which means the source of abundance. People from far flung barangays used to come the place and upon returning home they brought with them many commodities of their livelihood.


The municipality of Kabacan was a barrio of Pikit before its creation as a district political body. It was created as a regular municipality by virtue of Executive Order No. 82 dated August 18, 1947, issued by President Manuel Roxas of the Republic of the Philippines.

Gradual was the growth of the area under the domain of Datu Mantawil and that influx of settlers from Luzon and Visayas arrived in 1930′s. This was made so when the Mclareen family sold its hacienda to Messer. Jose Yulo Alano, Rafael Alunan and party who organize a company under the cooperate name of Rio Grande Estate. The company be came the people’s place of business and social center. Recognizing his immense power and leadership over the area, the Provincial Governor of Cotabato organizes the Kabacan into a Municipal District with Datu Mantawil as its first mayor in 1935.

When the Second World War broke out and the Japanese Imperial Army occupies the country, the Rio Grande Rubber Estate was sold by the Filipino Incorporators to the Japanese Imperial Government. It became the site for the provisional municipal government with Cenon Doctolero as the appointed Mayor.

Through Executive Order No. 82, dated August 17, 1947, Kabacan became a regular municipality.

Kabacan is a wedge-like community that denotes stability and prosperity for its 73,991 (2007 Census) people living in 24 barangays:

Kabacan has 24 baranggays:

  • Aringay
  • Bangilan
  • Bannawag, formerly known as Banawa
  • Buluan
  • Cuyapon
  • Dagupan
  • Katidtuan
  • Kayaga
  • Kilagasan
  • Magatos
  • Malamote
  • Malanduague
  • Nanga-an
  • Osias
  • Paatan Lower
  • Paatan Upper
  • Pedtad
  • Pisan
  • Poblacion
  • Salapungan
  • Sanggadong
  • Simbuhay
  • Simone
  • Tamped

Barangay Simbuhay and Tamped are still accessible by water via Rio Grande de Mindanao. All other barangays are accessible to land transportation.


map of kabacan



Type B climate prevails in the municipality. It is characterized by dry season for one to three months with less than 76 millimeters or more rainfall per month throughout the year. The wettest month has more than three times the rainfall of the driest month. This type of climate is conducive to intensive rice cultivation and plantings of bananas and other fruit trees.



Kabacan is centrally located in Cotabato Province, at 7 07’ North Latitude and 124 49’ Longitude. It is bounded on the north by Pres. Roxas, on the east by the Mun. of Matalam, M’lang on the south and on the west by the municipalities of Carmen and Datu Montawal, Maguindanao. It is approximately 94 kilometers from Cotabato airport and 194 kilometers to Davao airport.



The landscape is characterized by almost regular landscape of flat terrain. The high mountains and rolling hills leaping close to the river plus the narrow plains have varied topographical features. Other features are moderately sloping and strongly sloping.


Natural Resources

Primarily agricultural crops include corn, rice, soybeans, peanut, mongo, cassava and other field crops. This town of Kabacan is popularly known as the “Rice Production Center“, the “Rice Granary of the Province of Cotabato“. Its populace has devoted most of its fertile domain to rice production. Corn is the secondary crop of this town.



Commercial activities are in the Public Market and along the National Highway and USM Avenue. Kabacan serve as a business and trading center for the adjacent municipalities of Carmen, Pagagawan, Pikit and Matalam. The majority of the commercial establishments are engaged in general merchandizing, sari-sari and dry goods. One big shopping center and drug store owned by a big company are along the National Highway. There are four banks and three gasoline stations.


Demographic Profile

The 2007 Census of Population indicates that the total population of Kabacan is 73,991 persons who are diverse in culture and ethnic origin.  The 2007 population of Kabacan is distributed to 24 barangays excluding Barangay Poblacion which is the central business district of the municipality while the top five in terms of population concentration are the following barangays Kayaga with a population of 8,451, Katidtuan is 4,439, Kilagaasan has a population of 3,364,   Osias has 3,322 and Aringay has a population of 3,149. Barangays   Sanggadong, Buluan and Salapungan  have the lowest number of population with 585, 909 and 999 respectively. A growth rate of 2.43 percent is attained from 2000-2007 which is higher compared to 1995 to 2000 growth rate of .18%. The number of households is 15,859 which resulted to an average household size of 4.6.

- See more at: http://kabacan.gov.ph/about/demographic-profile/#sthash.wiiDJ4lk.dpuf

The average population density of the municipality is 1.65 persons per hectare. Poblacion has a population density of 10.80 people per hectare. Forty six percent (46%) of the population can be found in the urban area, the Poblacion, and the adjoining barangays of Osias, Katidtuan on the Eastern part of Poblacion and barangay Kayaga on the West.


Average Family Income and Expenditure The income per capita is low which means that for every person in the municipality a minimal income of P20, 000.00 to P34, 000.00 in which it did not reach the bench mark of P35, 000.00 per month. Per capita expenditure for every year is P1, 342.49, much lower than the average per capita expenditures of both LGU in the same type income class and national average of the same LGU. There is a need to improve the revenue generation to compensate with the increasing population of the municipality and to uphold the living condition of every household.

Maternal Mortality Rate Based on the 2009 General Health Situation Report of the Municipal Health Office, the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in Kabacan is 0.4 per 1, 000 live births. In 2010, MMR rose to 2 per 1, 000 live births. In 2011, there was 0.78 per 1, 000 live births

Maternal Morbidity Rate In 2009, 2010 and 2011, there were no maternal morbidity cases as per record of the Municipal Heath Office.

PHILHEALTH Enrolment For year 2009, LGU-Kabacan supported the Philhealth Para sa Masa Program and sponsored 2, 447 families. In 2010, LGU enrolled 4, 894 indigents from its 24 barangays. In 2011, there were 2, 447 indigent families enrolled.

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) In 2009, the Municipal Health Office reported a Contraceptive Prevalence Rate of 34.37%. This increased to 67% in 2010. In 2011, the CPR was at 58.37%

- See more at: http://kabacan.gov.ph/about/demographic-profile/#sthash.wiiDJ4lk.dpuf

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